HomeGeneral KnowledgeIndian states: Important Facts

Indian states: Important Facts

  • In the states, the Governor, representing the President, serves as the head of the Executive.
  • There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in India.
  • Union Territories are administered by the President through an appointed Administrator.

Largest state (in terms of area): The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan, covering a massive 342,239 square kilometers. This is approximately 10.4% of India’s total landmass.

The smallest state in India in terms of area is Goa, with a total area of 3,702 square kilometers. This is equivalent to just 0.11% of the country’s landmass.

Indian states: Key Points

Size and Population:

  • Smallest State: Goa (3,702 sq km)
  • Most Populous State: Uttar Pradesh (204.24 million)
  • Least Populous State: Sikkim (610,577)
  • Most Populous Union Territory (not incl Delhi): Puducherry (1.25 million)
  • Least Populous Union Territory: Lakshadweep (64,473)


  • Most Densely Populated State: Bihar (1,106/sq km)
  • Least Densely Populated State: Arunachal Pradesh (17/sq km)

Special Characteristics:

  • First State formed on Linguistic Basis: Andhra Pradesh
  • Most Literate State: Kerala (95.9%)
  • Least Literate State: Bihar (63.8%)
  • State with the Longest Coastline: Gujarat (1,600 km)
  • State with Boundaries with 7 States and 2 Countries: Assam
  • State Surrounded on Three Sides by Bangladesh: Tripura
  • State Surrounded by Three Countries and One State: Sikkim
  • Number of States with Coastline: 9
  • Number of Union Territories with Coastline: 4

States with Neither International Boundary nor Coastline:

  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Jharkhand
  • Haryana


  1. Which state is the least populous in India?
  2. Which state is surrounded on three sides by Bangladesh?
  3. Which is the largest state in India in terms of area?
  4. Name the least densely populated state in India.
  5. How many states in India have a coastline?
  6. Which state is considered the most literate in India?
  7. Excluding Delhi, which union territory is the most populous?
  8. Which state in India has the longest coastline?
  9. Which state is the most densely populated in India?
  10. Which state is the least literate in India?
  11. Name the state surrounded by three countries and one state.
  12. How many Union Territories in India have a coastline?
  13. In terms of boundaries, which state shares borders with seven states and two countries?
  14. What is the smallest state in India?
  15. Which state is the most populous in India?
  16. Which union territory is the least populous in India?
  17. Which union territory is the most populous in India, excluding Delhi?
  18. Which was the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis


  1. Sikkim
  2. Tripura
  3. Rajasthan
  4. Arunachal Pradesh
  5. Nine
  6. Kerala
  7. Puducherry
  8. Gujarat
  9. Bihar
  10. Bihar
  11. Sikkim
  12. Four
  13. Assam
  14. Goa
  15. Uttar Pradesh
  16. Lakshadweep
  17. Puducherry
  18. Andhra Pradesh

Facts about Capital Cities of Indian States:

1. Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh)

  • Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, Itanagar is known for its natural beauty and tribal culture.
  • It’s home to the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum, showcasing the state’s history and culture.
  • The Ita Fort, built in the 14th century, stands as a historical landmark.
  • Itanagar is also known for its Buddhist monasteries and temples.

2. Dispur (Assam)

  • Dispur is a planned city located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River.
  • It houses the state assembly and other government buildings.
  • The Assam State Museum is a popular tourist attraction, showcasing the region’s rich history and culture.
  • Kamakhya Temple, dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya, is a significant religious site for Hindus.

3. Patna (Bihar)

  • Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, dating back to the 6th century BC.
  • It was the capital of the Magadha Empire, ruled by emperors like Ashoka and Chandragupta Maurya.
  • Patna is known for its historical sites, including the Patna Museum, Golghar, and Takht Sri Patna Sahib Gurudwara.
  • The city is also a major center for education and healthcare.

4. Raipur (Chhattisgarh)

  • Raipur is a rapidly developing city known for its steel and cement industries.
  • It’s home to the Chhattisgarh State Museum, which houses a collection of archaeological artifacts and historical documents.
  • The city also boasts several temples, like the Mahamaya Temple and Dudhadhari Math.
  • Raipur is a gateway to popular tourist destinations like Chitrakote Falls and Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary.

5. Panaji (Goa)

  • Panaji is a charming city with a blend of Portuguese and Indian influences.
  • The Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, showcasing Portuguese architecture.
  • Panaji’s beaches, like Miramar and Dona Paula, attract tourists from across the globe.
  • The city also offers vibrant nightlife and a diverse culinary scene.

6. Gandhinagar (Gujarat)

  • Gandhinagar is a planned city designed by renowned architect Le Corbusier.
  • It houses the Gujarat State Assembly, Secretariat, and other government buildings.
  • The Akshardham Temple, with its intricate carvings and architecture, is a major tourist attraction.
  • Gandhinagar is also known for its educational institutions and research centers.

7. Chandigarh (Haryana & Punjab)

  • Chandigarh is a unique city, serving as the capital of both Haryana and Punjab.
  • Designed by the famous Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, it is known for its planned layout and modernist architecture.
  • The Rock Garden, created by Nek Chand using waste materials, is a must-visit for its creativity and artistry.
  • Chandigarh offers a blend of modern amenities and traditional charm, making it a popular tourist destination.

8. Shimla (Himachal Pradesh)

  • Shimla is a picturesque hill station, once the summer capital of British India.
  • The Ridge, a pedestrian mall, offers stunning views of the Himalayas.
  • The Jakhu Temple, dedicated to Hanuman, is a popular pilgrimage site.
  • Shimla is known for its colonial architecture, including the Viceregal Lodge and Christ Church.
  • The city is also a gateway to popular trekking and skiing destinations.

9. Ranchi (Jharkhand)

  • Ranchi is a rapidly developing city surrounded by hills and forests.
  • It is known for its tribal culture and art forms, like Sohrai painting and Chhau dance.
  • Ranchi houses the Tribal Welfare Museum, showcasing the diverse tribal communities of Jharkhand.
  • The city is also a center for education and healthcare with renowned universities and hospitals.

10. Bengaluru (Karnataka)

  • Bengaluru is the “Garden City of India” known for its parks, lakes, and greenery.
  • It’s a global hub for information technology, earning the nickname “Silicon Valley of India.”
  • The Bangalore Palace, built in Tudor style, is a landmark of the city.
  • Bengaluru offers a vibrant nightlife, diverse culinary scene, and numerous shopping options.

11. Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)

  • Thiruvananthapuram, popularly known as Trivandrum, is renowned for its ancient temples, backwaters, and beaches.
  • The Padmanabhaswamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, is a major pilgrimage site with a unique architectural style.
  • Kovalam and Varkala beaches are popular tourist destinations with beautiful coastlines and Ayurvedic treatments.
  • Thiruvananthapuram is also a center for education and healthcare, with renowned universities and hospitals.

12. Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)

  • Bhopal, the “City of Lakes,” is known for its natural beauty and historical monuments.
  • The Upper Lake and Lower Lake are popular recreational spots offering boating and scenic views.
  • The Taj-ul-Masjid, a magnificent white marble mosque, is a landmark of the city.
  • Bhopal also boasts historical sites like the Sanchi Stupa and Bhojpur Temple Complex.
  • The city is a center for education and research, with prestigious universities and institutions like the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research.

13. Mumbai (Maharashtra)

  • Mumbai, the financial and entertainment capital of India, is a bustling metropolis with a vibrant culture.
  • The Gateway of India, a monument built to commemorate the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary, is a major landmark.
  • Marine Drive, a scenic coastal road, offers stunning views of the Arabian Sea.
  • Mumbai is home to Bollywood, the Hindi film industry, and boasts iconic studios like Film City.
  • The city is also a major center for commerce, with the Bombay Stock Exchange and numerous corporate headquarters.

14. Imphal (Manipur)

  • Imphal, nestled in the Manipur Valley, is known for its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty.
  • It’s home to the Kangla Fort, a historic landmark dating back to the 11th century.
  • Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India, offers a unique ecosystem with floating phumdis (islands made of vegetation).
  • Imphal is also known for its handloom industry, producing exquisite textiles like Moirang Phee and Khanglup Phi.
  • The city hosts the Sangai Festival, showcasing Manipuri culture, dance, and music.

15. Shillong (Meghalaya)

  • Shillong, nicknamed the “Scotland of the East,” is a picturesque hill station with rolling hills and waterfalls.
  • Shillong Peak offers panoramic views of the city and surrounding valleys.
  • The Elephant Falls and Shillong View Point are popular tourist attractions.
  • Shillong is also known for its musical heritage, with renowned artists like Lou Majaw and Rewben Mashangwa.
  • The city hosts the Cherry Blossom Festival, celebrating the blooming of cherry trees in full beauty.

16. Aizawl (Mizoram)

  • Aizawl, the “Land of the Blue Hills,” is a charming hill station known for its natural beauty and tribal culture.
  • The Durtlang Hills offer breathtaking views of the city and surrounding greenery.
  • The Mizoram State Museum showcases the state’s history, culture, and artifacts.
  • Aizawl is also known for its handloom industry, producing colorful fabrics like Puan and Vawmkhawn.
  • The city hosts the Chapchar Kut festival, celebrating Mizo culture with traditional dances, music, and food.

17. Kohima (Nagaland)

  • Kohima, nestled in the Naga Hills, is known for its historical significance and cultural heritage.
  • The Kohima War Cemetery commemorates the soldiers who died during World War II.
  • The Naga Heritage Village showcases the traditional lifestyle and customs of different Naga tribes.
  • Kohima is also renowned for its handloom industry, producing textiles like the Loin loom and Ao Naga shawls.
  • The city hosts the Hornbill Festival, a week-long celebration of Naga culture with traditional dances, music, and food.

18. Bhubaneswar (Odisha)

  • Bhubaneswar, the “Temple City of India,” is home to hundreds of ancient temples, showcasing its rich history and cultural heritage.
  • The Lingaraj Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a magnificent example of Kalinga architecture.
  • The Kalinga Stadium, a modern sports complex, hosted the 2018 Men’s Hockey World Cup.
  • Bhubaneswar is also known for its Odissi dance tradition, renowned for its graceful movements and vibrant costumes.
  • The city hosts the Konark Dance Festival, held at the Sun Temple in Konark, showcasing classical Indian dances.

19. Chandigarh (Punjab)

  • Chandigarh, jointly shared with Haryana, is a planned city known for its modern architecture and well

20. Jaipur (Rajasthan)

  • Jaipur, the “Pink City,” is known for its vibrant colors, majestic forts, and historical palaces.
  • The Hawa Mahal, the “Palace of Winds,” is a stunning example of Rajput architecture with intricate latticework.
  • The Amber Fort, a former royal residence, offers breathtaking views of the city.
  • Jaipur is also known for its handicraft industry, producing famous items like blue pottery, tie-dye fabrics, and jewelry.
  • The city hosts the Jaipur Literature Festival, a renowned international literary event.

21. Gangtok (Sikkim)

  • Gangtok, nestled in the Himalayas, is a picturesque hill station known for its stunning views and Buddhist monasteries.
  • The Enchey Monastery, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery, offers serene surroundings and beautiful views.
  • The Tsomgo Lake, a glacial lake surrounded by mountains, is a popular tourist destination.
  • Gangtok is also known for its rhododendrons, blooming in vibrant colors during spring.
  • The city hosts the Losar festival, a Tibetan New Year celebration with colorful costumes, traditional dances, and music.

22. Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

  • Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the cultural and commercial capital of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Marina Beach, the second-longest urban beach in the world, offers a relaxing atmosphere and scenic views.
  • The Kapaleeshwarar Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a renowned example of Dravidian architecture.
  • Chennai is also known for its Carnatic music, a classical music form with a rich history and tradition.
  • The city hosts the Madras Music Season, a prestigious festival featuring renowned Carnatic musicians and dancers.

23. Hyderabad (Telangana)

  • Hyderabad, the “City of Pearls,” is known for its historical landmarks, vibrant culture, and IT industry.
  • The Charminar, a 16th-century mosque, is an iconic landmark of the city with four minarets and intricate architecture.
  • The Golconda Fort, once a major center for diamond trade, offers a glimpse into Hyderabad’s history.
  • Hyderabad is also known for its Hyderabadi cuisine, with dishes like biryani and kebabs gaining worldwide popularity.
  • The city hosts the Deccan Festival, showcasing the diverse cultural heritage of Telangana with art, music, and dance performances.

24. Agartala (Tripura)

  • Agartala, the “Gateway to the Northeast,” is a rapidly developing city known for its historical sites and scenic beauty.
  • Tripura Sundari Temple, dedicated to Goddess Tripura Sundari, is a major Hindu pilgrimage site.
  • The Ujjayanta Palace, a former royal palace, is now a museum showcasing the state’s history and culture.
  • Agartala is also known for its handloom industry, producing exquisite silk fabrics like the Tussar Silk and Tripura Silk.
  • The city hosts the Tripura Tourism Festival, showcasing the state’s natural beauty, cultural heritage, and traditional dances.

25. Dehradun (Uttarakhand)

  • Dehradun, nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, is a popular hill station and educational hub.
  • The Tapkeshwar Temple, a cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, is a holy site for Hindus.
  • Robber’s Cave, a natural limestone cave, offers a unique adventure experience.
  • Dehradun is also known for its scenic beauty, with popular tourist destinations like Sahastradhara waterfalls and Malsi Deer Park.
  • The city hosts the Valley of Flowers Festival, celebrating the blooming of rare Himalayan flowers in the Valley of Flowers National Park.

India’s Land Neighbors and Bordering States


  • Gujarat
  • Rajasthan
  • Punjab
  • Jammu & Kashmir


  • Jammu & Kashmir
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Sikkim
  • Arunachal Pradesh


  • Uttarakhand
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • West Bengal
  • Sikkim


  • Sikkim
  • West Bengal
  • Assam
  • Arunachal Pradesh


  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Nagaland
  • Manipur
  • Mizoram


  • West Bengal
  • Assam
  • Meghalaya
  • Tripura
  • Mizoram

Indian States and their Capitals:

State Capital City
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar
Assam Dispur
Bihar Patna
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Goa Panaji
Gujarat Gandhinagar
Haryana Chandigarh (jointly with Punjab)
Himachal Pradesh Shimla
Jharkhand Ranchi
Karnataka Bengaluru
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Maharashtra Mumbai
Manipur Imphal
Meghalaya Shillong
Mizoram Aizawl
Nagaland Kohima
Odisha Bhubaneswar
Punjab Chandigarh (jointly with Haryana)
Rajasthan Jaipur
Sikkim Gangtok
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Telangana Hyderabad
Tripura Agartala
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
Uttarakhand Dehradun
West Bengal Kolkata


Indian States by Area

  • 1. Rajasthan: 342,239 sq km
  • 2. Madhya Pradesh: 308,245 sq km
  • 3. Maharashtra: 307,713 sq km
  • 4. Uttar Pradesh: 240,928 sq km
  • 5. Gujarat: 196,024 sq km
  • 6. Karnataka: 191,791 sq km
  • 7. Andhra Pradesh: 162,968 sq km
  • 8. Odisha: 155,707 sq km
  • 9. Chhattisgarh: 135,191 sq km
  • 10. Tamil Nadu: 130,058 sq km
  • 11. Telangana: 112,077 sq km
  • 12. Bihar: 94,163 sq km
  • 13. West Bengal: 88,752 sq km
  • 14. Arunachal Pradesh: 83,743 sq km
  • 15. Jharkhand: 79,714 sq km
  • 16. Assam: 78,438 sq km
  • 17. Himachal Pradesh: 55,673 sq km
  • 18. Uttarakhand: 53,483 sq km
  • 19. Punjab: 50,362 sq km
  • 20. Haryana: 44,212 sq km
  • 21. Kerala: 38,963 sq km
  • 22. Meghalaya: 22,429 sq km
  • 23. Manipur: 22,327 sq km
  • 24. Mizoram: 21,081 sq km
  • 25. Nagaland: 16,579 sq km
  • 26. Tripura: 10,486 sq km
  • 27. Sikkim: 7,096 sq km
  • 28. Goa: 3,702 sq km

Indian States by population

  1. Uttar Pradesh: 199,581,477
  2. Maharashtra: 112,372,972
  3. Bihar: 103,804,637
  4. West Bengal: 91,347,736
  5. Andhra Pradesh: 84,665,533
  6. Madhya Pradesh: 72,597,565
  7. Tamil Nadu: 72,138,958
  8. Rajasthan: 68,621,012
  9. Karnataka: 61,130,704
  10. Gujarat: 60,383,628
  11. Odisha: 41,947,358
  12. Telangana: 35,193,978
  13. Kerala: 33,387,677
  14. Jharkhand: 32,966,238
  15. Assam: 31,169,272
  16. Punjab: 27,704,236
  17. Haryana: 25,353,081
  18. Chhattisgarh: 25,540,196
  19. Delhi: 16,753,235
  20. Jammu and Kashmir: 12,267,013
  21. Uttarakhand: 11,116,752
  22. Himachal Pradesh: 6,856,509
  23. Tripura: 3,671,032
  24. Meghalaya: 2,964,007
  25. Manipur: 2,721,756
  26. Nagaland: 1,980,602
  27. Goa: 1,457,723
  28. Arunachal Pradesh: 1,382,611
  29. Mizoram: 1,091,014
  30. Sikkim: 607,688
  31. Puducherry: 1,244,464
  32. Chandigarh: 1,054,686
  33. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu: 585,764
  34. Andaman and Nicobar Islands: 379,944
  35. Ladakh: 274,289
  36. Lakshadweep: 64,429kl




Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular